At a Glance

Understanding credit risk and credit risk scores is crucial in today’s financial world. Whether you’re applying for a loan, credit card, or mortgage, your credit risk score significantly determines your eligibility and the interest rates you’ll be offered. Let’s discuss what credit risk is, what a credit risk score entails, and its impact on interest rates.

In this article, you’ll learn:



The possible interest rate on a personal loan for high-risk borrowers.

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What is credit risk score?

A credit risk score is a metric that predicts the likelihood of a consumer defaulting on their financial obligations. Specifically, it is the probability that you will become 90 days past due within the next 24 months. Unlike a credit score, which assesses an individual’s creditworthiness based on their credit history, payment history, and other factors, a credit risk score focuses explicitly on the probability of default. It considers various factors such as a person’s credit history, outstanding debts, income stability, and other financial indicators to determine the level of risk associated with extending credit to them. Lenders and financial institutions utilize credit risk scores to evaluate the potential risks involved in providing loans or credit products to consumers, helping them make informed decisions about lending and managing their overall credit risk portfolio. Your credit score is just one factor in determining your credit risk.

Credit risk and interest rates

Credit risk has a direct impact on the interest rates borrowers are offered. Lenders charge higher interest rates to borrowers with higher credit risk scores, as they pose a greater potential for default. Conversely, borrowers with lower credit risk scores are more likely to receive lower interest rates, reflecting their perceived lower risk. A difference of a few percentage points in interest rates can significantly impact the total cost of borrowing over time.


Yes, banks and other financial institutions consider credit risk when assessing loan applications. They use credit risk scores and other factors to evaluate the likelihood of repayment. A borrower’s credit risk profile helps banks determine the amount they are willing to lend, the interest rates they will offer, and the loan terms.

Yes, you have the right to access your credit risk score. In many countries, credit bureaus must provide individuals with a free copy of their credit report and credit risk score once a year. Reviewing your credit risk score can help you understand your creditworthiness and identify areas for improvement. Regularly monitoring your credit report is essential to ensure its accuracy and detect any potential errors or fraudulent activity.